Sensitive detection of cancerous exosomes is critical to early diseases diagnosis and prognosis. Herein, a sensitive aptasensor was demonstrated for exosomes detection by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) with dual gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-assisted signal amplification. Dual nanoparticle amplification was achieved by controlled hybridization attachment of AuNPs resulting from electronic coupling between the Au film and AuNPs, as well as coupling effects in plasmonic nanostructures. By blocking the Au film surface with 11-Mercapto-1 -undecanol (MCU), nonspecific adsorption of AuNPs onto the SPR chip surface was suppressed and regeneration of the SPR sensor was realized. This method was highly sensitive and the developers have achieved the limit of detection (LOD) down to 5 × 103 exosomes/mL, which showed a 104-fold improvement in LOD compared to commercial ELISA. Moreover, the SPR sensor had the capability to differentiate the exosomes secreted by MCF-7 breast cancer cells and MCF-10A normal breast cells. Furthermore, the SPR sensor could effectively detect the exosomes in 30% fetal bovine serum. The work provides a sensitive and efficient quantification approach to detect cancerous exosomes and offers an avenue toward future diagnosis and comprehensive studies of exosomes.
Direct quantification of cancerous exosomes via surface plasmon resonance with dual gold nanoparticle-assisted signal amplification
Wang Q, Zou L, Yang X, Liu X, Nie W, Zheng Y, Cheng Q, Wang K. (2019) Direct quantification of cancerous exosomes via surface plasmon resonance with dual gold nanoparticle-assisted signal amplification. Biosens Bioelectron 135:129-136. [abstract]