Exosomes are extracellular vesicles (50-100 nm) circulating in biofluids as intercellular signal transmitters. Although the potential of cancerous exosomes as tumor biomarkers is promising, sensitive and rapid detection of exosomes remains challenging. Researchers from the University of Florida combined the strengths of advanced aptamer technology, DNA-based nanostructure, and portable electrochemical devices to develop a nanotetrahedron (NTH)-assisted aptasensor for direct capture and detection of hepatocellular exosomes. The oriented immobilization of aptamers significantly improved the accessibility of an artificial nucleobase-containing aptamer to suspended exosomes, and the NTH-assisted aptasensor could detect exosomes with 100-fold higher sensitivity when compared to the single-stranded aptamer-functionalized aptasensor. The present study provides a proof-of-concept for sensitive and efficient quantification of tumor-derived exosomes. The researchers expect the NTH-assisted electrochemical aptasensor to become a powerful tool for comprehensive exosome studies.
Aptasensor Detection of Cancerous Exosomes
Wang S, Zhang L, Wan S, Cansiz S, Liu Y, Cai R, Hong CY, Teng IT, Shi M, Wu Y, Dong Y, Tan W. (2017) Aptasensor with Expanded Nucleotide Using DNA Nanotetrahedra for Electrochemical Detection of Cancerous Exosomes. ACS Nano [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]